百年老店難敵網絡 負債27億瀕破產英HMV尋買家

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核心提示:已有92年曆史的英國老牌影音連鎖集團HMV,不敵網絡世界音樂服務的衝擊,引致經營困難,由於未能尋找新資金注入,銀行亦拒絕貸款,背負接近2.2億英鎊(約27.45億港元)債務,因此發出公告表示正尋求破產保護,並已委任德勤會計師行(Deloitte)擔任破產管理人,接管及繼續經營英國和愛爾蘭的239家分店,並尋求新買家冀成功賣盤,其在倫敦股票股份已停牌,而英國的4,350名HMV員工前景未明。HMV在香港亦有六間分店,但HMV香港的管理層未回應事件。

HMV全名是His Master’s Voice,來自它的「小狗聽留聲機」商標。

英國老牌影音連鎖店HMV負債嚴重,瀕破產邊緣,若未覓得買家,或要真正落閘結業。(路透社)

已有92年曆史的英國老牌影音連鎖集團HMV,不敵網絡世界音樂服務的衝擊,引致經營困難,由於未能尋找新資金注入,銀行亦拒絕貸款,背負接近2.2億英鎊(約27.45億港元)債務,因此發出公告表示正尋求破產保護,並已委任德勤會計師行(Deloitte)擔任破產管理人,接管及繼續經營英國和愛爾蘭的239家分店,並尋求新買家冀成功賣盤,其在倫敦股票股份已停牌,而英國的4,350名HMV員工前景未明。HMV在香港亦有六間分店,但HMV香港的管理層未回應事件。記者林嘉諾報導

時代巨輪不斷推進,曾是影音零售巨擘的百年老店HMV,也可能要被潮流沖走。互聯網世界發達,普及全球,而不少音樂網站提供影音檔案下載服務,安坐家中便唾手可得,令HMV業務每況愈下,HMV近年雖亦改變銷售方式,提供網購、出售影音周邊產品如耳筒及其他電子產品等,冀以售賣多元化產品,增加收入,但由於市場早有穩定供應且多元化,令HMV生存之路更加嚴峻,而HMV背負2.2億英鎊債務,又無法與銀行和利益相關​​人達成共識,由於未能籌集資金還債,故瀕臨破產邊緣。

  英擁4350員工港未回應

HMV最後在周一深夜宣布,由於未能與貸款商及供應商達成協議,因此決定賣盤,並已委託德勤會計師行負責點算資產金額,而德勤將接管英國和愛爾蘭239家分店,並試圖尋求新買家,而HMV在倫敦上市的股票暫時停牌。現時HMV在英國和愛爾蘭的分​​店,聘有超過4,350名員工,若要破產,將令大部分員工投身待業市場,而目前HMV將會繼續營運,直至新買家出現。

而HMV在香港、新加坡、加拿大及日本也有分店,其中香港有六間,暫未知是否受到影響,本報昨日聯絡HMV香港的負責人,但對方一直未有回覆。

2006年仍是業內王者的HMV,曾吸引私人企業願出高價購下,據悉價格更高達8.47億英鎊(約105.64億港元),但HMV一口拒絕,其後好景不常,HMV業務漸趨惡化,遭各類網上商店和蘋果iTunes的衝擊,即使多次作出轉型計劃,售賣產品多樣化,但效果不明顯,即使轉型攻向網上事業,但為時已晚,業內音樂和電影公司如環球音樂、 EMI、華納及迪士尼之前都曾提供4,000萬磅支援其聖誕業務,但營業頹勢沒有休止,去年12月中HMV曾發出破產警告,令股價一直下跌,傳統旺季聖誕節的銷售量更不升反跌,即使再三向供應商求助,希望能注資約3億英鎊以還清貸款,但難給人信心而遭拒絕。

  06年曾拒絕105億收購價

留聲機公司TGC(The Gramophone Company)1921年在倫敦牛津街開設第一間店舖,出售唱片,並別出心裁地用一幅1898年的「小狗聽留聲機」的幽默油畫作商標,而這幅畫的標題是「他主人的聲音」(His Master’s Voice),縮寫是HMV,成為該店的名稱,該店開始音樂零售事業後,經多年拓展、演變、併購、重組,歷經了近百年來音樂、影像業大大小小歷次轉折,成為業界翹楚和國際知名品牌。英國廣播公司報導,不少從孩提時代就熟知HMV的顧客,得悉HMV申請破產保護,均感嘆息,傷感,希望「他主人的聲音」不至於完全從商業街上消失。

2013-01-16 03:52:00 來源: 香港成報

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